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NO.367 01.15.2018

“Outstanding Education and Research for Future Generations”

Members' Discussion on 'Outstanding Education and Research for Future Generations - Kyung Hee's Challenge' was held on December 6, 2017, at the Seoul Campus

At the end of last November, after the book talks that had examined the present and future of universities, the members’ discussion on the topic of strengthening education and research capacity for future generations was held to seek Kyung Hee’s direction for the “future university true to its mission.” Around the same time, Kyung Hee held the Second Future University Forum with major private universities in Korea, which was followed by the international conference on the future of higher education in cooperation with the World Academy of Art and Science (WAAS), the World University Consortium (WUC) and Roma Tre University.

In his greetings, President Inwon Choue looked back on the footsteps of Kyung Hee, which has constantly reflected on the reason for the existence of the university and sought better future of the university and further civilization, and said that the university would be more actively involved in the problems that future generations are concerned with.

"Institutional constraints have distorted the university's original ideology"
Members' discussion began with a keynote speech. Professor Hwe Ik Zhang, a professor emeritus at Seoul National University, scrutinized the present direction for universities with the topic of “Searching for a new ideology for future universities."

First, Professor Zhang surveyed the current state of affairs analyzing that the institutional constraints have distorted university's original ideology. Naming university evaluation as one of the adverse effects, he said, "Universities are preoccupied with raising the score of university evaluation by improving ostensive performance indicators rather than focusing on the nature of education, and professors are being forced into situations where they have to put up research numbers rather than enthusiasm for education."

"We must strengthen human aspects that machines cannot replace"
Professor Zhang emphasized, "It is impossible to overlook the prospects demanded by the times. We should boldly challenge to find our own solution.” In order to find the solutions, Professor Zhang noted the four types of intelligence, namely, contextual intelligence, emotional intelligence, inspirational intelligence, and physical intelligence, which are needed in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution disclosed by Klaus Schwab in his book of the same name (New Present, 2016).

“What is interesting here is that all four intelligences stand on the opposite side of artificial intelligence," said Professor Zhang. "Man should not try to imitate the characteristics of the times, but rather take advantage of the opposite characteristics that cannot be replaced by machines.” Professor Zhang said that this is the task of our education in the era of the Fourth Industrial Revolution.

Lastly, Professor Zhang said, "Future universities need to carry out a comprehensive and integrated education that combines the knowledge that has been fragmented by the excuse of specialization. The mindset?the perspective?that should oversee this process must be found in our traditional studies, while specific knowledge and factual materials should be found in the sophisticated modern scholarship, constituting an integrated system of understanding, and drawing out a new guiding philosophy that will take the lead in the future."

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